Ethical Hacking – What It Is | Types of Ethical Hacking

Ethical hacking
Ethical Hacking is also known as Penetration Testing. The word hacking send a negative signal, but ethical hacking is a positive hacking.
I am sure you will be wondering what is good about hacking, well this type of hacking is done to access the level of defence that exist with an organizations system or network.
Ethical hackers are expected to report all the loopholes found during the hacking process to the management.


This is the act of legally intruding/penetrating into a system or network with the aim to find out threats, or vulnerabilities in the system, and improve on the security of such systems.

It is done to prevent a malicious attacker from discovering and exploiting those weaknesses that may lead to data or financial loss,  injection of malware, or even other major damages.

The aim of this type of hacking is to beef up the security of a network or systems by discovering and fixing vulnerabilities on such system before a malicious black hat hacker.


The main benefit of ethical hacking is data protection and malicious attacks, as well as the following:

Ethical hacking helps an organization to discover vulnerabilities that exist in their system, and fix them to prevent malicious attacks.

It helps an organization to implement a secure network that prevents security breaches.

It defends national security by protecting data from the attack of terrorists.

It helps an organization to gain the confidence and trust of her clients by ensuring the security of their products and data.

It helps to protect networks with real-world assessments.


Cybercriminals are always looking for new ways to breach the security system or networks of important organizations, with the sole purpose of compromising security features or to extort huge amounts from them by injecting malware and denying access.

This always results in a steady rise in cybercrime.

Organizations are always confronted with the need to update hack-preventing tactics, install several technologies to fortify their security so that they will not become victims of black hat hacker.

Again, new malware, viruses, etc. are multiplying daily,  creating a need for ethical hacking services to safeguard the systems and networks of organizations,  businesses, government agencies or defence.


There are 5 major types of ethical hacking, but for one to succeed as an ethical hacker, you must think like a malicious hacker and know all these types of hacking in other to proactively detect and protect the systems and data of your organization.

  1. System Hacking.
  2. Web Server Hacking.
  3. Wireless Network Hacking
  4. Web Application Hacking
  5. Social Engineering  Hacking


There are basically 5 steps involved in the ethical hacking process, and they are;

1.Planning and Reconnaissance:

This the first step in ethical hacking. It is used to define the scope and goals of the testing. It is also used to decide the testing methods to be used and to understand the potential vulnerabilities and how a target works.


This is done to find out how a target will react to different intrusion attempts, when the application’s code is static and when the application’s code is functioning. The is the most effective method to understand an application’s real-time performance.

3.Gaining Access:

This is a critical step, the ethical hacker attacks the web application with the injection of SQL (Structured Query Language), cross-site scripting, backdoors, etc. to discover all the existing vulnerabilities and then exploit each of them to determine or ascertain the amount of damage that it can cause.

4.Maintaining The Access

In this step,  the vulnerability is used quickly to gain access to the server.


This has to do with the analysis and compilation of all the finding from the pen-testing.


A lot of people have been asking which is better, ethical hacking or cybersecurity.
Well to answer this, I will like to state that ethical hacking and cybersecurity have the same goal; to improve security and keep your system safe.

While ethical hacking is concerned with proactively finding avenues that can be exploited by a hacker,  Cyber Security, on the other hand, is the prevention of any security risks using appropriate security controls.

So with vulnerabilities discovered with ethical hacking, Cyber Security will look for ways to mitigate those them.

Ethical hackers may use similar methods and tools used by malicious black hat hackers but with a different goal and the permission of an authorized person(s)

With this being said, you can agree with me that ethical hacking is part of Cyber Security since it is used to discover potential vulnerabilities, network or system misconfigurations and unhealthy security practices to be discovered early. 

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